Optometrists (Doctors of Optometry) diagnose and treat eye health and vision problems. Some optometrists specialize in geriatric or pediatric vision care. Others rehabilitate the partially-sighted using microscopic or telescopic lenses. Some specialize in occupational vision, contact lenses, sports vision or vision therapy.
• diagnose and treat eye health and vision problems.
• examine the vision system for proper depth and color perception.
• ability to focus and coordinate eye movements and degree of peripheral
• prescribe vision therapy.
• treat eye diseases with drugs.
• prescribe and dispense eyeglasses and contact lenses.
• provide examination and treatment services for occupational and sports
vision, low-vision (partially-sighted) and vision-related learning disabilities.
• refer patients to other medical practitioners as needed.
Most optometrists are self-employed, but some work for universities, optical
manufacturers, government health agencies, hospitals or group practices.
Average Salary Range
$90,000 – $115,000
Students interested in becoming a doctor of optometry generally take a pre-optometry curriculum at their undergraduate college or university, with emphasis on science and math courses. An extensive, clinically-oriented, four-year postgraduate program at a school or college of optometry culminates with a doctor of optometry degree. License to practice additionally requires passing a series of national board examinations and a state
license examination.Some optometrists, after earning their doctorate degree, will complete an additional
one-year residency program.
American Optometric Association
243 N. Lindbergh Blvd.
St. Louis, MO 63141